Imogiri Cemetery, A Mataram Royal's Cemetery
Imogiri Cemetery is a complex of Mataram kings and
family’s grave, lies on Ginirejo Imogiri, district Bantul. The cemetery was
built within 1632 – 1640 M by Sultan Agung Adi Prabu Hanyokrokusumo, the third
king of Mataram Palace, the descendants of Panembahan Senopati, the first King
of Mataram, and it is owned by the Yogyakarta’s Palace.
Imogiri Cemetery is located in the southern city of
Yogyakarta, about 45 minutes by private vehicle or minibus from Yogyakarta city. This cemetery is perched on a hill which is a part of "Seribu" Mountains' cluster. After Mataram’s Palace was divided into 2 parts,
called Kasunanan of Surakarta and Kasultanan of Yogyakarta, the layout of
the cemetery was divided into two parts, the east side for the kings’ grave
of Kasultanan Yogyakarta and the west side for Kasunanan
Surakarta. The first Mataram King which was buried in the Imogiri cemetery was
Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo. He decided that Imogiri would become his cemetery place when he died. Until now, both of kings of Yogyakarta’s Palace and Surakarta’s Palace who died were buried there.
There's a grave under one of the stairs toward the graveyard. The grave was deliberately made as part of stairs in order to be always stampeded by the pilgrims. It is the grave of Tumenggung
Endranata who was considered as a Mataram’s betrayer. Another story said that
the grave was belong to Governor General of Holland, JP Coen.
Besides as a historical tourism area, Imogiri Cemetery also become a religious
tourism area, because it is used as a place of pilgrimage. In “Sura”, one of
month in Javanese calendar, is held a ceremony within this graveyard called
ceremony of cleaning “Padasan Kong Enceh”.
There's procedures to enter this cemetery. The visitors are required to wear traditional clothing of Mataram. Men should wear black or dark blue stripes beskap (Javanese traditional clothing for men), without keris ( traditional weapon), or just wear jarit (traditional fabric) without shirt. Meanwhile, women should wear kemben. Visitors are also not allowed to wear jewelry. But for the royal family, especially for the sons and daughters of the King there are different regulations. Men wear beskap without keris, women wear kebaya with ukel tekut, while the little girl wear a belt of wolu ukel konde.
The construction of Imogiri Cemetery is
made of bricks. These are buildings on it :
It’s an old mosque with its unique characteristics.
that is a wall purposed as the barrier of the gate.
Padasan are crocks to self purification by washing some part of body before doing
worship. Padasan are usually called Enceh or Kong. These Enceh are filled once
a year on the first Tuesday Kliwon and Friday Kliwon in the month of Sura, and
it is done with a special traditional ceremony.
- gravestone, the top of women’s gravestone is usually dull or rounded,
while the men’s top of gravestone is sharp. Gravestones in this graveyard were
divided into eight groups of grave.
- The pool,
which is located in front of the mosque’s yard.